This report synthesizes information from nine studies conducted under the Regional Centers on Learning for Evaluation and Results (CLEAR) Initiative regarding the demand for and supply of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) and performance management (PM) services in Anglophone Sub-Saharan Africa between 2011 and 2013. The purpose of this synthesis is to serve as a basis for continuing to map the supply of and demand for M&E and PM in Anglophone Africa.
A conceptual framework based on earlier work done by the Independent Evaluation Group (IEG), World Bank, guides the country-level synthesis in this report. The framework identifies categories of evidence regarding demand for and supply of M&E and PM services (e.g., the existence of national development policies or evaluation systems) in a given country. For each country covered by the studies, information was organized within these categories. For some countries, there was an extensive amount of information that responded to almost all categories contained in the framework. For others, the studies provided very little information. The framework is included as an appendix to this document and a table summarizing the findings by country for each category of the framework can be found below.
The studies include three types of documents. The first is a set of exploratory country M&E case studies facilitated by the CLEAR Anglophone Africa Center at the University of Witwatersrand (CLEAR-Wits) in 2012. The second are five studies analyzing the demand for M&E in various Sub-Saharan African countries, written by organizations in 2010 that were finalists in the selection of a CLEAR Center for Anglophone Sub-Saharan Africa. The third are studies examining the supply of M&E and PM services serving Sub-Saharan Africa, commissioned by IEG in 2009.
The Anglophone Sub-Saharan African countries covered in the studies and synthesized in this paper include Botswana, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Some countries were covered by multiple studies, whereas others were only included in only one. The level of detail provided also varied per country. Ghana, Kenya, South Africa, Uganda and, to a slightly lesser degree, Tanzania were covered extensively; Swaziland and Zimbabwe were barely covered. Botswana, Malawi, Namibia, Rwanda, and Zambia fell in the middle. A summary is provided for each country.
Most of the entities providing M&E and PM capacity building were national and operated only within their own countries. These are included in the country summaries. Some capacity building organizations and initiatives offered their services regionally or globally. These services are included in a separate summary as an appendix to the document.
This synthesis closely paraphrases the findings presented in the above documents. Sources for the information are noted.
In many instances, where studies covered the same countries, they agreed on facts and provided similar assessments. Where there were discrepancies, this is noted.
Most of the documents included in this synthesis are from 2009 and 2010, with only the case studies written in 2012. As a result, the case studies were taken as a starting point for the countries that they covered. Information from the M&E demand and supply studies may no longer be up to date.
The information provided in this synthesis may also be incomplete. The synthesis is limited to the information that was provided in the studies and may not fully or accurately reflect the supply of and demand for M&E and PM services in the countries covered. Bringing the information up to date and ensuring its completeness and accuracy will be the task of future research.