Thinkings for Overcoming Deficiencies in Evaluation Capacity in China
In recent years, driven by the strong domestic need of improving the performance of government, the public demands for political transparency, and the pressure of strengthening the institutional and personnel capacity building, China has seen a marked upsurge in demand for design and implementation of result-based evaluation and put great efforts to establish a complete result-based system among the government sectors to notice the input-output efficiency, comprehend outcome, and long-term effects based on management for development results since 1978. As an important emerging country in the world, China has already been on its way of spreading monitoring and evaluation culture with the cooperation of the WB and ADB. A lot of experts from universities and institutes are studying on setting up appropriate evaluation theories, methods, techniques, as well as indicator systems to promote the practice of development management. However during the way of building their own results-based development management system, China like other developing countries is facing great challenges like lacking internal political demand, necessary budget arrangement for system construction, incomplete law system, opacity of auditing and budgeting process, short-term policy planning, difficulties in inter-ministerial cooperation, and insufficient evaluation capacity.